Varieties of Cannabis Terpenes
This is the most common terpene in cannabis - most varieties contain around 60% of this essential oil. It is described as having an earthy aroma with musky tones and is present in the oil of various naturally-occurring products, including hops, citrus fruits, bay leaves, and lemongrass.
Another common variety is Limonene, which has citrus aromas of lemon, orange and lime. Highly absorbent, limonene is a natural insecticide that has been adapted for use in lemon cleaning products, insect repellents, perfumes, and food.
Camphene is described as having an odour of the woods – fir in particular. It is a component of essential oils found in turpentine, camphor and ginger oil and can be added as a flavouring in various foods or as a scent enhancer in perfume.
As well as being present in some varieties of cannabis, Terpinolene is a common component of rosemary and sage. It is widely used in soaps and perfumes, as well as in insect repellents. The aroma of Terpinolene is described as having a pine fragrance, with herbal and floral hints. It is also said to have a sweet tinge of lemon, lime and orange – similar to Limonene.
Beta-Caryophyllene is described as having a peppery, spicy taste and is found in plants such as Thai basil, cloves, and black pepper. This chemical is one of the most unique terpenes found in cannabis because it is the only terpene known to interact with CB2 receptors in the human body. It acts as a CB2 agonist and does not produce psychoactive (mind-altering) effects, so it’s often added to CBD food supplements.
This is most commonly found in pine resin and has two forms: Alpha-Pinene and Beta-Pinene. The former is the most prevalent of terpenes in nature, found in conifers, balsamic resin, and some citrus fruits. Pinene has an evocative taste and aroma of pine and fir.